Globalization and Income Polarization in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Examination of Effects
This study examines income polarization effects of globalization in major U.S. metropolitan areas by integrating two schools of thought, one found in the more recent literature in urban political economy on globalization, the other found in the traditional literature in economics on income distribution. Multiple regression was employed to test the relationship between social and economic factors, including measures of globalized structures, and income inequality in thirty-nine metropolitan areas in the U.S. having a 1990 population in excess of one million persons. Because of possible limitations with the Gini coefficient used by existing studies, this study adopted multiple measures to examine both aggregate inequality and inequality among sub-populations. The findings suggest that (1) income distribution becomes more unequal and polarized as a society becomes more globalized; and (2) the effects of globalization on income inequality differ among sub-populations. Policy implications and related planning efforts are then briefly discussed.
Ardeshir Anjomani (United States)
School of Urban and Public Affairs
The University of Texas at Arlington
Ardeshir (Ard) Anjomani is a professor of City and Regional Planning at the School of Urban and Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Arlington. Dr. Anjomani has more than thirty years of academic and professional experience in different aspects of planning and urban and regional development. His other interests include demographic research, spatial modeling and urban analysis. His publications have appeared in Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, International Journal of Public Administration, Journal of Population Economics and Journal of Urban Affairs.
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)