Networking Among Emerging Communities: The Only way to Survive
With global movement from “so called developing countries” towards western society and invisible increase of racism, this paper is examining the impact of institutional racism and the coping mechanism among the emerging community members in their settlement process in Australia from 1990 onwards.
As literature review identifies the characteristics of these communities are as follows: Community is in the process of establishment; Lack of community based organizations to meet the needs of the community members specially disadvantaged group; Considerable number of refugees and asylum seekers with their great basic needs; Limited funding provided to these communities for establishment and needs assessment in their settlement process; Small number of community members in comparison with larger settled communities, which usually fall them in to the gaps or make them invisible even for the census, any projects or research which could attract resources, consultation and needs assessment; Fractured community politically, culturally and socially; Lack of political power and advocacy ability for equitable access towards resources.
With the sudden change of migration policy and access towards welfare service in terms of survive, these newly arrived community members have been pushed to relay more to their own internal supportive network than the social system.
In specific case of Iranian community like many other similar cases, newly arrived community members have established their own hidden and invisible supportive network which operating actively from the home country in first stage of the migration (including asylum seeking) and continuously covers the other stages of their migration and settlement process.
The importance of this study will focus on the power and growth of this network in absence of fair and equitable welfare support in terms of survival mechanism in the new host country. Lack of real presentation and participation of emerging community members in social, political and cultural life of the host country will push the newly arrived members even to relay more to the existing established networks. This internal emerging community network in comparison with other newly arrived communities, in case of high number of asylum seekers and refugees within the community will get even more complicated structure.
Soheyla Gholamshahi (Australia)
School of Art and Social Science
University of New South Wales
I have got my BA in Sociology and MA in Applied Social Science. I have worked in Community sector as Community development worker and social researcher. I have many research and publication about multiculturalism, migration, and settlement of emerging communities, racism, asylum seekers, refugees and newly arrived migrant’s issues. Currently as PhD student, I am in the process of writing the final draft of my theses.
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)