Presentation Details

The Second International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities

The 'Pananthropinon' (Panhuman) in the Poems "Morning Star" by Giannis Ritsos and "The Last Supper" by Nikiforos Vrettakos

Dr Xenia Stathatou.

Since ancient times, the Greek people worshiped the Muses like goddesses and regarded them as protectors of poetry, prose, dance, philosophy and generally of every intellectual creation.

However, poetry, more than anything else, was born as an idea together with man and thus, it has marked the human feelings.

A poem, a verse, is the whole world, the whole universe. It brings hope back in the man’s soul, it rejuvenates him, frees him from the fear of decline and leads him to receive the eternal youth of life.

In this paper, we will seek the meaning of the “pananthropinon” (panhuman) in the poem entitled “Morning Star” by Giannis Ritsos, who was inspired by his daughter’s Eri birth. It is a lullaby with creative power. Birth is a message of life, hope, optimism and continuation of the human existence. We will also seek the meaning of the “pananthropinon” (panhuman), in the poem “The Last Supper” by Nikiforos Vrettakos, which is a call full of universal light, an invitation of a world-wide fraternization of children.

The verses of Giannis Ritsos and Nikiforos Vrettakos poems are made of human substance. This is why the poets have as a common request, that derives directly from their souls, the “pananthropinon” (panhuman) vision, namely, peace, reconciliation, fraternization and love for all the children of the world. They envisage a diachronically better world, happier than today’s, a world where our children will have friends and not enemies, will listen to songs of joy and not to lamentations.


Dr Xenia Stathatou  (Greece)
Lecturer in Greek Literature
Department of Special Education Needs
University of Thessalia, Greece

  • Panhuman
  • Pananthropinon
  • Greek Literature
Person as Subject
  • Giannis Ritsos Nikiforos Vrettakos

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)