Strategies for Managing Home-Work Conflict and Psychological Well-Being among Jews and Arabs in Israel: The Impact of Sex and Socio-Cultural Context
Professor Liat Kulik.
The study examined the use of strategies for coping with home/work role conflict among a sample of Jewish (n=116) and Arab (n=163) dual-earner families in Israel. Among both groups, the strategy used most was extra effort, followed by redefining role demands, and requesting help from family. The strategies used least were taking initiative, and requesting help from colleagues. Moreover, women from both societies tended to use the strategies of redefining demands and requesting help from family, whereas men focused more on extra effort. The Arab men showed a greater tendency than the women to ask for help from colleagues, whereas the opposite tendency was found for Jewish men and women. In addition, the Arab men showed a greater tendency to take initiative than the women, whereas no differences between the sexes were found in the Jewish participants. Women in both societies reported lower levels of psychological well-being than did the men, as reflected in greater perceived stress and burnout, and lower marital satisfaction. With respect to job satisfaction, no differences between the sexes were found. On the whole, correlations between coping strategies and different dimensions of psychological well-being in the two societies examined were low to moderate. Since the two societies were found to differ in their use of coping strategies, practitioners are advised to exercise cultural sensitivity in their work with populations that are experiencing processes of transition from traditionalism to modernization.
Professor Liat Kulik (Israel)
School of Social Work
Bar Ilan University
Liat Kulik is an associated professor at the Bar Ilan University School of Social Work. She also teaches in the departments of journalism and communications at Bar Ilan University. Prof. Kulik received her doctoral degree from Bar Ilan University in Sociology and Anthropology. Her BA degree was behavioral sciences and management. Prof. Kulk’s main research interests are work and family, gender at work, retirement, intergenerational relationships, and unemployment. She is currently conducting a project on gender differences in voluntarism.
(30 min. Conference Paper, English)