Knowledge of the Traumatic Experience of the Ideological Extermination in a Context of Civil War: Effects, Aftermaths and Interpretations for the Spanish Case
Dr. Ignacio Fernández de Mata.
A civil war suppose the end of the whole social order and its traditional social values. Since that moment, an extreme and cruel violence appear against people and communities. The experience of those traumatic facts meant a painful heritage not only for the direct victims, but for the next generations too. The Spanish Civil War produced an important group of unrecognized victims, even today. These people experienced a total alienation, they were treated as an object, and became second class citizens during the so long Francoism. They were the leftist men repressed in the rebel part of the country at the beginning of the War. Those so called reds were exterminated and their relatives suffered humiliations, punishments, expropriations and were deprived of their social rights. The knowledge of these victims and experiences has emerged recently in the present life of Spain because the relatives are claiming for the recover the corpses of those murdered by the fascist groups. The bodies were hidden into mass graves which are becoming to be excavated. The claims are directed to obtain the dignification of those murdered through a new burial and the recover of their memory and biographies. In order to dignify these people, first we need to know and think about the tremendous trauma that the assassinated and their families experienced.
Dr. Ignacio Fernández de Mata (Spain)
Social Anthropology Division, Department of History
University of Burgos (Spain)
Associated Professor in Social Anthropology. Ph. D. in Humanities.. His present research project is related with the slaughters happened at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in the francoist zone. This is a research about traumatic events and social memory, using anthropological and historical methods. Before this topic he has published several works about the origins of the medieval Castile, the identity of the Castilian people, the daily life of peasants during the twenty century, the rise of the ethnology in Castile and the memory of the excluded people from history after 1939.
(Virtual Presentation, Español)