Presentation Details

The Second International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities

Socialism and Patriotism: A Study of some Late Nineteenth Century Writings

Ruth Kinna.

This paper examines the claim, originally advanced by George Orwell in The Lion and the Unicorn, and recently reasserted by Maurizio Virioli that socialists have mistakenly neglected patriotism in favour of an apparently 'soulless' idea of internationalism. This paper contests the claim, focusing in particular on the work of Ernest Belfort Bax and William Morris. It suggests that whilst socialists were rightly suspicious of the patriotic appeals advanced by capitalist states, neither were neglectful of cultural difference or of the bonds binding particular peoples to their localities.


Ruth Kinna  (United Kingdom)
lecturer in politics
Dept. of Politics, International Relations and European Studies
Loughborough University

My research interest is late nineteenth century socialism and particularly anarchism. I have published work on Peter Kropotkin and recently published a book about William Morris.

  • Socialism
  • Patriotism
  • Nineteenth Century thought
Person as Subject
  • Bax, Ernest Belfort Morris, William

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)