Presentation Details

The Second International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities

Elena Garro and Zelda Fitzgerald: Hidden Meaning and the Intersection of Texts

Dr. Marketta Laurila.

By incorporating characters from F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novels into her work, Elena Garro suggests the textual nature of the persecution of her female protagonist, whose fate is directly determined by Fitzgerald’s protagonists. Garro’s narratives are marked by silences and the absence of important “documents” or “letters,” the contents of which are never revealed to the reader. The absence of texts and/or the silencing of their content invite the reader to search for meaning precisely in what is not included. Since Garro’s protagonists and their lives have striking similarities to the life of the “absent” Zelda Fitzgerald, whose life served as the basis of F. Scott's work, it is at the intersection of Garro’s, F. Scott’s and Zelda’s texts and lives were meaning can be found. This paper will examine how Garro addresses the silencing of female protagonists and the appropriation of their texts by men through a complex relationship between the her texts and life and those of the Fitzgerald’s.


Dr. Marketta Laurila  (United States)
Associate Professor, Interim Chair
Department of Foreign Languages
Tennessee Technological University

Marketta Laurila is currently serving as the Interim Chair of the Department of Foreign Languages at Tennessee Technological University, where she teaches Spanish language, Latin American literature and Business Spanish. Her area of research is Latin American women writers with a focus on issues of female subjectivity in the writings of Elena Garro and Isabel Allende. She is also interested in the use technology in foreign language learning.

  • intertextuality, silencing, female subjectivity, appropriation
Person as Subject
  • Garro, Elena Fitzgerald, Zelda Fitzgerald, F. Scott

(30 min. Conference Paper, English)