Self-Construal of American College Students in a Military Academy
Conception of the self (self-construal) embraces multiple dimensions. First, the self is unique and independent. Second, the self is relational, immediately and intimately connected to others. Further, the self is collective, a member embedded in or representing groups, societies, and humanity in general. Characteristics of relations between the self and others, groups, and societies, hierarchical or otherwise, also lead to additional dimensions of self-construal. Based on these arguments Harb (2001) developed and validated a six-dimension self-construal scale for samples in the United Kingdom, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. The present study investigates the reliability and construct validity of the Harb’s six-dimensional self-construal scale for a sample of American college students in a service academy. The study also explores possible relationships of self-construal to gender, ethnic identity, political orientation, and religious association. Various studies in the past indicated relationships of cultural, social variables to the development of self-construal. No studies in the past have yet examined self-construal profiles of American college students in a military academy.
Chie Paik (United States)
Language Studies Department
United States Naval Academy
(Virtual Presentation, English)